Dealing with Diseases

COLLEGE POLICIES ON DEALING WITH HEPATITIS B, TUBERCULOSIS, MENINGITIS AND AIDS

Wisconsin legislation (2003 Assembly Bill 344) mandates that all colleges and universities annually provide students detailed information on the risks associated with meningococcal disease and hepatitis B.

Students who plan on residing in the student residence must complete, date, and sign a document affirming that the student has received the information and has not received vaccinations against meningococcal diseases and/or hepatitis B.

Silver Lake College's commitment to integrity, human dignity, and concern for others with regard to communicable diseases is stated in the following goals:

  1. To educate all members of the Silver Lake College community about communicable diseases (i.e. hepatitis B and meningitis).
  2. To comply with federal, state, and local health laws
  3. The College will consider the special needs of students with a communicable disease through services offered by the Dean of Students These services include support, education and referrals.
  4. The College supports and will comply with laws respecting confidentiality of individuals having a communicable disease.

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is a strain of hepatitis affecting liver function, leading to serious illness and possible death. Often, a person infected with hepatitis B never fully recovers and can carry the virus and infect others the rest of his/her life. A person can be infected with hepatitis B and have no symptoms.

How hepatitis B is spread:

Direct contact with blood or body fluid, exposure to contaminated needles (intravenous drug use), and sexual contact.

Who should get the vaccine?

The hepatitis B vaccine is a series of 3 injections and is recommended for: all adolescents and young adults, athletes involved in contact sports (football, hockey, wrestling, basketball, lacrosse), students enrolled in health care studies (nursing, occupational & physical therapy).

Meningococcal disease (Meninitis)

Meningococcal disease, often referred to as bacterial meningitis, is an infectious disease caused by bacteria. The infection affects the fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord.

This serious illness has a sudden onset, is highly contagious, and often results in death.

How meningococcal disease is spread:

through the exchange of respiratory and throat secretions (coughing, kissing), direct contact with someone infected with the disease.

Who should get the vaccine?

The vaccine is effective for 2 of 3 types of meningococcal disease and is highly recommended for college students living in dormitories or group settings.

Who provides the vaccines for hepatitis B and meningitis?
Contact your physician or Student Life, ext. 137, for more information.

Tuberculosis (TB)

Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease caused by bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The bacteria usually attack the lungs, but can attack any part of the body, such as the kidney, spine and brain. If not treated properly, TB disease can be fatal. TB disease was once the leading cause of death in the United States.

How TB is spread:

TB is spread through the air from one person to another. The bacteria are put into the air when a person with active TB disease of the lungs or throat coughs or sneezes. People nearby may breathe in these bacteria and become infected.

Who should be tested?

All Teacher Education students are required to submit verification of a current (not more than one year old) TB screening completed with a negative result in EDU 162 or EDU 180.

AIDS & Associated Conditions

Silver Lake College, recognizing an established body of authoritative scientific information concerning Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection, and HIV antibodies concurs with the international epidemiological community and the National Center for Disease Control that AIDS is not a highly communicable disease.

  • The AIDS virus is transmitted only through the transfer of blood or body fluids into the broken skin or mucous membranes of the recipient;
  • Transfer of the disease occurs through sexual intercourse or other intimate sexual contact, needle puncture with an infected needle, blood transfusion, or prenatally;
  • AIDS and the HIV infection are not transmitted by food, water, insects, or casual contact;
  • There is no known cure for AIDS or HIV infection.

Silver Lake College endorses the guidelines on AIDS presented by the American College Health Association of 1985. The college likewise accepts the statement of 1988, which thoroughly addresses the issues raised by the HIV epidemic and its impact on higher education.

Silver Lake College designates the Dean of Students to assume the managerial job in providing consistent and reasonable care of an AIDS or HIV case, utilizing the advice of acknowledged medical authorities and the Manitowoc local and County Health Departments.

The Dean of Students handles the situation with appropriate confidentiality, on a case-by-case basis. The Dean of Students is cognizant that the assistance is requested by the student or employee.

An Advisory Committee assisting the Dean of Students in reviewing each AIDS or HIV case consists of the Director of Residence Life and other designees. Silver Lake College will not exclude or dismiss a student or employee simply on the basis of a diagnosis of AIDS or HIV infection. Rather, it will support, encourage and help make possible the individual's participation within the Silver Lake community, balancing the individual's needs with the concerns of various college constituencies. The college administration emphasizes the fact that the principles of flexibility, sensitivity, simplicity, and concern for the individual, as well as the community welfare, govern Silver Lake College policy.

Each member of the Silver Lake College community has an obligation to seek information and learn about AIDS for protection of self and others. The college shall assist in this education through information channeled through the Student Life Office.